Men and women at work

In the Sixties the skill of the Gori gives us more and more a thorough documentation of a constant and thought out change in to the Grosseto territory buy the hand of man. In particular in to the care taken to the development and transformation of Grosseto, the traditional scenery is reproduced and multiplied in a series of shots related to the action of mankind; in the importance given to the building site , to the machines, the technologies, the changes introduced in the territory in respect to the description of the work one can measure the importance of an observation that clasps, in a vast period of time, the processes of modernization and transformation of great historical value.
 
A particular care was give by the Gori photographers to the work in the mines, an important sector in the industry of the Grosseto Province, tragically highlighted by the tragedy of the Ribolla mine in May 1954
 Where 42 workers lost heir lives due to an explosion of grisou gas.
The Gori photos highlight certain moments of the processing, in particular the drilling of the so called “avanzamento”in the wood coal mine of Baccinello (Scansano), of mercury  in that of Siele (Santa Fiora), of fool’s gold at Ravi and they give a sense of  the fatigue and the sweat , but also of the ability in the use of technology that was , although slowly, radically transforming the professional profile of the miner.
The human figures, taken at work or whilst walking in to the dark tunnels, disappear later in a series of images that document, without the presence of the workforce the machinery, the mechanized mining techniques, the lorries, the caterpillars of the pit of “ La Bartolina “ near Giuncarico, and the new working techniques for the processing of mercury at Santa Fiora in 1970.
 
The industrialization in the Grosseto area takes a fast turn in the early Fifties, developing especially in the processing of agricultural products and of the raw materials produced by the mining industries. In the vicinity of Montemerano and of the mines of Baccinello workshops and laboratories proliferate. The furnace for brickworks of San Martino, that uses the clay from the river Ombrone , emerges from the photos of the Gori as one of the hinges of the brickwork industry, employing a vast number of labour both for manual work and mechanical in the new smelters.
 
Also the workshops where mostly pertaining to the peculiarity of the territory and connected therefore to institutions like the Consorzio Agrario, the Centro di Rifornimento Quadrupedi, the various properties for the service of which where developed saddleries, carpentry shops, mechanical shops. The food and processing industries acquire  cellars, oil mills, tomato caning factories , cheese factories, cold meat factories, mills: and the pictures taken by the Gori inside the Morelli Mill, the Goracci cold meat processing plant, in the “Conalma“ factory of Albinia and in the “Elios” plant, where the tomatoes from Grosseto where processed, show the production plant, the work places and the large number of labourers, mainly women, that found a job in this sector.
Amongst the most noticeable workshops one can remember without doubt the “Officina Cosmini”, established in 1856 and rebuilt as “Meccanico-Agricola Grossetana” in the Fifties, that built high quality harvesters famous in the whole of Italy, and the ironworks of ILVA in Follonica. Later on the textile factory Paletti, that was outside the local pattern, but that employed a large number of workers, would bring the name of Grosseto all over Italy, with it’s creativity and it’s products, truly of a high quality and elegance. But also in this instance , as in the images that show the employees of TETI in Corso Carducci in Grosseto in the early Fifties, the photographic material shows the equipment used and the widespread use of female labour in the secondary sector and service industry.
 
The male workforce was instead prevalent in Public sector for housing, coastal urbanization, laying bitumen on the roads and in the construction of railways, the building of embankments of ditches and canals and in all those works that contribute strongly to the change more and more visible of the face of the territory and of the suburbs of Grosseto.

Grosseto, magazzini Consorzio Agrario

Grosseto, magazzini Consorzio Agrario

Alberese, gruppo di operai, 1951

Alberese, gruppo di operai, 1951

Grafica: Margherita Cardoso - Traduzioni: Vittoria Vivarelli Colonna e Cecilia Grilli - Realizzazione: Stefano Guerrini lgsg.it: Siti Internet Grosseto

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